BEIRUT – Islamic State militants in Syria severely damaged the Baal Shamin Temple, considered one of the greatest sites of the ancient world, in a massive explosion Sunday, activists said.
The temple was part of the remains of the ancient city of Palmyra in central Syria. Islamic State fighters seized Palmyra in May.
The news of the latest destruction at Palmyra came just days after Islamic State released propaganda images purportedly showing militants blowing up another Palmyra temple, the 2,000-year-old Baalshamin.
The Islamic State group, which has imposed a violent interpretation of Islamic law across its self-declared caliphate straddling Syria and Iraq, says such ancient relics promote idolatry.
It already has blown up several sites in neighboring Iraq, and it is also believed to sell looted antiquities.
A Palmyra resident, who goes by the name of Nasser al-Thaer, said Islamic State militants set off a huge blast Sunday afternoon.
“It is total destruction,” he said of the scene of the explosion. “The bricks and columns are on the ground.”
“It was an explosion the deaf would hear,” he added.
The resident said only the wall of the temple remains.
The so called “Syrian Observatory for Human Rights”, run by a guy who has a shop in England, says the temple was damaged. He did not provide details.
The temple, consecrated to the Semitic god Bel, had been well-preserved and was a source of much pride for Syrians.
It stands out among the ruins not far from the colonnades of Palmyra, which is affectionately known by Syrians as the “Bride of the Desert.”
Earlier Sunday, Islamic State fighters pushed into a large district in southern Damascus, clashing with rival militants just a few kilometers from the center of the Syrian capital, the extremist group and Syrian activists said.
More than two dozen militants were killed in the clashes on the edges of the Qadam neighborhood, said the Observatory.
The pro-Islamic State Aamaq News Agency reported that Islamic State fighters seized half of Qadam. The Observatory’s Rami Abdurrahman said the fighters were holding two streets and that fighting was continuing.
Islamic State supporters posted propaganda pictures claiming to show Islamic State fighters advancing in the narrow streets of Qadam. The authenticity of the images could not be confirmed independently.
Islamic State has emerged as one of the most powerful forces in the battle to overthrow Syrian President Bashar Assad. The extremist group has seized about one-third of Syria and neighboring Iraq over the past year.
Armed Islamic factions fighting forces loyal to Assad control parts of the Syrian capital and large parts of the city’s suburbs. Earlier this year, Islamic State fighters entered the Palestinian refugee camp of Yarmouk, east of Qadam, and control large parts of it.
Also Sunday, a mortar round hit an upscale neighborhood of central Damascus, killing four people, including a girl, Syrian state TV said.
It is not uncommon for Damascus to be shelled. Sunday’s attack targeted the posh neighborhood of Abu Rummaneh, which houses hotels and several embassies.
An Associated Press reporter on the scene saw two people wounded by shrapnel. Vehicles in the area were also damaged.